Court of Cassation – which rules on questions of law – ruled that a trial was justified for Sarkozy as well as his lawyer Thierry Herzog and a former judge, Gilbert Azibert. Sarkozy now faces trial on charges of corruption and influence peddling.

[May 17 2019  is facing criminal charges of illicit financing   ]

Former president Nicolas Sarkozy is facing charges of illicit financing for his failed 2012 re-election bid. On May 17 2019, the Constitutional Council ruled that a criminal trial was justified on the grounds that it concerned “the potential breach of probity by candidates or elected officials.” Prosecutors claim Sarkozy spent nearly 43 million euros ($51 million) on his lavish re-election bid — almost double the legal limit of 22.5 million euros — using fake invoices, and demanded he answer the charges in court.

[October 5 2018   trial decision: an appeal hearing has been postponed to the 25th of October   ]


The Paris court of appeal has postponed to the 25th of October its decision on the appeal of the former president of the Republic Nicolas Sarkozy against his removal before the correctional court in the case of slip-ups in financial his presidential campaign of 2012, the so-called “Bygmalion”.

“The case has been litigated on may 16, but apparently the court needs additional time to decide”, noted the lawyer of the former head of State, Thierry Herzog,

[March 29 2018   trial decision: an appeal hearing June 25   ]

Nicolas Sarkozy must go to trial along with one of his lawyers and a former magistrate on charges of active corruption and influence peddling. “He will … calmly wait for the result of the motion for a declaration of invalidity. He does not doubt that once again the truth will triumph,” the statement said. The court scheduled an appeal hearing for June 25.

[March 22 placed under investigation 1 year after Fillon [hmm] ]


Sarkozy, 63-years-old, who held power from 2007 to 2012, was told by investigators after two days of questioning in police custody on Wednesday, March 21, he was formally suspected of passive corruption, an offense that carries a sentence of up to 10 years in jail. In France, being “placed under investigation” is a step that judicial investigators can take if they have serious grounds for suspecting an offense. It often but not always leads to trial.


French presidential candidate François Fillon has been placed under formal investigation into allegations he had his wife and children paid hundreds of thousands of euros for parliamentary jobs they may never have performed.

[ March 21 “Garde à vue” – custody ]

Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy has been taken into police custody for questioning over allegations that he received campaign funding from the late Libyan leader Col Muammar Gaddafi.   Mr Sarkozy clinched big trade deals for France with Libya’s Gaddafi in 2007 when he was president,  but he then put France at the forefront of NATO-led airstrikes against Gaddhafi’s troops that helped rebel fighters topple his regime in 2011..   “Garde à vue” – custody – means he can be held and questioned by police for up to 48 hours. Then he may appear before a judge and may face charges.

Mary-Kate Olsen, 31, and banker husband Olivier Sarkozy, 48, 6′ 2″. Mary-Kate splits time between her and Sarkozy’s $6.25 million Manhattan townhouse and their Paris residence.

[January 14 2012 Merkozy: Angela Merkel and Nicolas Sarkozy ]

Having initially been dubbed “Merkozy” by the French press, the moniker has been gaining traction since the autumn. It has become even more prevalent as the pair thrash out proposals to toughen up fiscal discipline ahead of a make-or-break eurozone summit .

Screenshot 2019-06-13 at 9.24.00 AM - Edited

10-year-old Charlie Woods plays flag football game June 12 2019. Mom watches.

Jun 13–16, 2019
Pebble Beach (US Open)

T. Woods
– 5:09 PM

T. Woods

T. Woods
+1 F E

T. Woods

T. Woods
-2 F -2


[June 2 2019 T9 finish at 9-under 279 ]

Lindsey Vonn and P.K. Subban at Roland Garros

May 30 (UPI) — Tiger Woods holed back-to-back birdies at the end of the first round to card a 70 on May 30 2019 at the Memorial Tournament,

Tiger Woods T9 finish at 9-under 279 at the Memorial Tournament

Screenshot 2019-06-11 at 8.57.17 PM - Edited
11th June 2019 at 1:42pm

Royal Air Force Typhoon fighter jets have intercepted two Russian transport aircraft.
The two Antonov AN-24 aircraft (NATO callsign ‘Coke’) were flying in international airspace close to Estonia from the south.
It is the sixth Quick Reaction Alert scramble and intercept since the RAF took over enhanced Air Policing from the German Air Force in May.

NATO Baltic Air policing duties have seen a change of guard at Ämari air base, west of Tallinn, with Eurofighter aircraft from the UK’s Royal Air Force replacing their German Luftwaffe counterparts. The four planes, Eurofighter Typhoon multi-role, twin-engine fighter jets, arrived towards the end of April, from XI(F) Squadron, based at RAF Coningsby in Lincolnshire, England.
NATO Baltic air policing duties operate from two bases; in addition to Ämari, the base at Šiauliai, Lithuania, is also utlilized for the role.

Planes from the latter base are frequently scrambled in interception and escort duties, responding to military flights from the Russian Federation in international airspace over the Baltic Sea, close to the Lithuanian coast, often without pre-filed flight plans or functioning transponders on the required frequency. Such flights usually involve planes flying to or from the Kaliningrad exclave, a part of the Russian Federation cut off from the rest of the country and bordering two EU and NATO states, Poland and Lithuania.

Also Hungarian and Spanish jets officially replaced Polish planes, at Šiauliai, BNS reports, citing the Lithunian defense ministry. Hungary, which is leading the NATO air policing role, has deployed four Swedish-manufactured Saab JAS 39 Gripen single-engine multi-role fighters, from the Magyar Légierő, that country’s air force. The Spanish Ejército del Aire contingent comprises five US-built McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet, twin-engine jets.

Estonia joined NATO in 2004, and aircraft from 17 different countries have taken part in the air policing role since then, according to BNS. The mission took on a new immediacy following the 2014 Russian annexation of Crimea.

Citigroup Japan

The Financial Services Agency imposed a fine of ¥130 million ($1.1 million) on Citigroup Global Markets Japan Inc for spoofing, for alleged manipulation of the futures market for Japanese government bonds.

The agency said Citigroup Global Markets Japan Inc. overlooked and executed fake trading orders, known as spoofing, for Japanese government bond futures on the Osaka exchange in late October 2018, placed by a trader at Citigroup Global Markets Ltd., the British securities subsidiary of Citigroup.
Spoofing is a practice in which traders attempt to manipulate the prices of publicly traded financial assets by placing large buy or sell orders with no intention of executing them. Critics have warned that high-speed trading could make it easier to engage in practices such as “layering” or “spoofing,” both of which involve placing fake orders to create the appearance of increased activity in a stock or other asset in order to move its price.