Libor out; SONIA in?

28 July, 2017

Trial Begins For British Traders Anthony Conti and Anthony Allen Over Alleged Libor Rate Manipulation

Andrew Bailey, chief executive of the Financial Conduct Authority, says that work must “begin in earnest” on shifting to an alternative index to Libor, saying the end of 2021 would offer time to ensure a smooth transition.The BoE has already been refining its overnight sterling funding rate SONIA, which is based on actual transactions, and which the central bank administers itself, as the substitute for Libor. At least six bankers on both sides of the Atlantic have been sent to prison for manipulating Libor, although some in the United States are still awaiting sentencing.

 

[July 22 Deutsche Bank and JPMorgan Chase settle yen Libor and Euroyen Tibor cases; “London Whale”; charges dropped ]

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U.S. prosecutors have decided to drop criminal charges against two former JPMorgan Chase & Co derivatives traders implicated in the “London Whale” trading scandal that caused $6.2 billion of losses in 2012.

In seeking the dismissal of charges against Javier Martin-Artajo and Julien Grout, the Department of Justice said it “no longer believes that it can rely on the testimony” of Bruno Iksil, a cooperating witness who had been dubbed the London Whale, based on recent statements he made that hurt the case.

Prosecutors also said efforts to extradite Martin-Artajo and Grout, respectively citizens of Spain and France, to face the charges have been “unsuccessful or deemed futile.”

Acting U.S. Attorney Joon Kim in Manhattan asked a federal judge for permission to drop charges that included securities fraud, wire fraud and falsifying records. Martin-Artajo and Grout were indicted in September 2013.

 

 

Deutsche Bank AG (DBKGn.DE) and JPMorgan Chase & Co (JPM.N) have agreed to pay a combined $148 million to end private U.S. antitrust litigation claiming they conspired with other banks to manipulate the yen Libor and Euroyen Tibor benchmark interest rates.

The preliminary settlements, totaling $77 million for Deutsche Bank and $71 million for JPMorgan, were detailed in filings late Friday July 21 in the U.S. District Court in Manhattan, and require a judge’s approval.

They followed similar settlements last year with Citigroup Inc (C.N) and HSBC Holdings Plc (HSBA.L) totaling $23 million and $35 million, respectively.

 

January 17 U.S. Libor antitrust actions may proceed ]

The U.S. Supreme Court on January 17 allowed private antitrust lawsuits brought by investors including big U.S. cities accusing major banks of conspiring to manipulate the pivotal Libor benchmark interest rate to move forward. The justices rejected an appeal filed by a group of banks including Bank of America Corp(BAC.N), Deutsche Bank AG(DBKGn.DE), UBS AG(UBSG.S) and JPMorgan Chase & Co(JPM.N) of a May 2016 ruling by the New York-based 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals that allowed various lawsuits against them to proceed. The appeals court reversed a lower court judge’s dismissal of investors’ antitrust claims against the banks.   The private litigation is separate from Libor rigging probes that have resulted in roughly $9 billion of sanctions worldwide, including $2.5 billion against Deutsche Bank in April 2015. Several bank affiliates have pleaded guilty to criminal charges, and more than 20 people have been criminally charged.

[May 3 2016 Alaska Electrical”banging the close” case settled ]

Alleged illegal activity including the execution of rapid trades just before the rate was set each day, called “banging the close,” causing the British brokerage ICAP Plc (IAP.L) to delay trades until they moved ISDAfix where they wanted, and posting rates that did not reflect market activity. Settled is a private U.S. lawsuit accusing them of rigging an interest rate benchmark used in the $553 trillion derivatives market.

Under the settlement, payments would include $52 million from JPMorgan; $50 million each from Bank of America, Credit Suisse, Deutsche Bank and RBS; $42 million from Citigroup and $30 million from Barclays.
Alaska Electrical Pension Fund et al v. Bank of America Corp et al, U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York, No. 14-07126. The settlement made public on May 3, which requires court approval, resolves antitrust claims against Bank of America Corp (BAC.N), Barclays Plc (BARC.L), Citigroup Inc (C.N), Credit Suisse Group AG (CSGN.S), Deutsche Bank AG (DBKGn.DE), JPMorgan Chase & Co (JPM.N) and Royal Bank of Scotland Group Plc (RBS.L).

[April 15 Deutsche Bank AG settles London Gold Fixing conspiracy ]

John Cryan, the British former chief financial officer of UBS

John Cryan, the British former chief financial officer of UBS

April 14 Deutsche Bank AG agreed to settle U.S. lawsuits accusing it of conspiring with other banks to manipulate gold and silver prices at investors’ expense, court papers show.

The settlements were disclosed in letters filed in Manhattan federal court by lawyers representing investors and traders who accused Deutsche Bank of violating U.S. antitrust law.

Terms were not disclosed, but both settlements will include monetary payments by the German bank. Deutsche Bank also agreed to help the plaintiffs pursue claims against other defendants.The plaintiffs accused Deutsche Bank of conspiring with Bank of Nova Scotia, Barclays Plc, HSBC Holdings Plc and Societe Generale to manipulate prices of gold, gold futures and options, and gold derivatives through twice-a-day meetings to set the so-called London Gold Fixing.

They also accused Deutsche Bank, HSBC and ScotiaBank of a similar conspiracy to manipulate silver prices by rigging the daily Silver Fix.

UBS AG was also accused in both lawsuits of conspiring to exploit metals prices.The cases are In re: Commodity Exchange Inc Gold Futures and Options Trading Litigation, U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York, No. 14-md-02548; and In re: London Silver Fixing Ltd Antitrust Litigation in the same court, No. 14-md-02573.

[June 2015 John Cryan, British former chief financial officer of UBS CEO of Deutsche Bank ]
“It is categorically false that pressure from regulators [known as BaFin,] was a factor in the decision of the co-C.E.O.s to step down early,” Michael Golden, the spokesman, said in an email. He pointed out that Mr. Jain would not receive about 15 million euros in pay he would have been entitled to if he had been fired. Mr. Jain will leave at the end of June while Mr. Fitschen will remain another year.

Sunday 7 June 2015 14.36 EDT Anshu Jain will leave Deutsche Bank at the end of this month, with Jürgen Fitschen staying on until the bank’s annual meeting in 2016. The surprise move of the joint chief executives of Deutsche Bank came just over a month after Deutsche was fined a record $2.5bn (£1.7bn) for rigging Libor, ordered to fire seven employees and was accused of being obstructive towards regulators in their investigations into the global manipulation of the benchmark rate. John Cryan, the British former chief financial officer of UBS, will replace Jain as co-chief executive. When Fitschen departs he will not be replaced, leaving the 54-year-old Briton in sole charge.

[June 5 Deutsche Bank AG and its role in Ruble flight]

Deutsche Bank CEO Juergen Fitschen dances with Friederike Lohse

Deutsche Bank CEO Juergen Fitschen dances with Friederike Lohse

Transactions involving stocks bought by Russian clients in rubles through Deutsche Bank, and simultaneous trades through London in which the bank bought the same securities for similar amounts in U.S. dollars allowed Russian clients to move funds out of Russia “without properly alerting the authorities,” Deutsche Bank AG ithinks this may have involved about $6 billion over more than four years.
The Bank of Russia approached Deutsche Bank in October asking the firm to examine the stock-trading activities of some clients in the country, said one person, who asked not to be identified because the discussions are private. The German lender is analyzing data from 2011 through early 2015, and has alerted Britain’s Financial Conduct Authority, the European Central Bank and Germany’s Bafin of the investigation.

Since 2006, , Russian individuals have sent nearly $200 billion out of the country—or more than 10 percent of the country’s gross domestic product for 2013. And the flow of cash accelerated, up from $5.9 billion in the first quarter of 2013 to $13.4 billion in the third quarter of 2014.

[April 23 Germany’s largest lender by assets will book a profit and “near record revenues” for the first quarter, despite LIBOR fine]
Deutsche Bank AG’s alleged involvement in rigging of foreign-exchange markets, is likely to involve an even higher fine than the Libor investigations. Deutsche Bank is also being probed for alleged violations of U.S. sanctions on countries such as Iran and over high-frequency trading.
Deutsche Bank will agree to plead guilty to manipulation and acknowledge that its internal monitoring systems were insufficient to prevent the manipulation of Libor. Deutsche Bank is nearing a settlement fine of more than $2.15 billion with British and American regulatory authorities. The bank is subject to 180 regulatory investigations and faces 1,000 lawsuits with a claim value of more than €100,000 each, Deutsche Bank has paid more than €5 billion over the past two years for settlements and fines stemming mostly from the financial crisis. Annual revenue 2014 $47.30 B

 

 

[November 17 2014 JPM legal costs reserve $5.9 billion: possible 2006 Mortgage Operations problem]

Mortgage operations post-election caper at DOJ?

Mortgage operations post-election caper ot DOJ?

“The $9 Billion Witness: Meet JPMorgan Chase’s Worst Nightmare”
Back in 2006, as a deal manager at the gigantic bank, Fleischmann first witnessed, then tried to stop, what she describes as “massive criminal securities fraud” in the bank’s mortgage operations.
Thanks to a confidentiality agreement, she’s kept her mouth shut since then
Read more: http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/the-9-billion-witness-20141106#ixzz3IOZStO6H

President and chief executive officer of JPMorgan Chase, James “Jamie” Dimon

Justice Department is conducting a criminal investigation into foreign exchange trading by JPMorgan Chase & Co. JPMorgan’s filing came on the same day that HSBC set aside $1.6 billion for legal costs, some of which is earmarked for an ongoing investigation into that bank’s foreign exchange trading business by U.K. regulators. JPM might need as much as $5.9 billion to cover losses beyond reserves for legal matters, up $1.3 billion from the end of June, and the most since since mid-2013. In October, Citigroup — another bank in settlement talks with regulators — slashed its previously-reported third-quarter profits in order to factor in an additional $600 million in legal costs. Large banks, especially in Europe, have taken billions of dollars worth of hits to their profits in the third quarter to deal with expected legal costs stemming from investigations into foreign exchange manipulation. RBS set aside $640 million, Deutsche Bank has had a $1.1 billion legal charge, and Barclays has had a $800 million charge.

“Credit Default Swaps Investigations and Litigation. In July 2013, the European Commission (the “EC”) filed a Statement of Objections against the Firm (including various subsidiaries) and other industry members in connection with its ongoing investigation into the credit default swaps (“CDS”) marketplace. The EC asserts that between 2006 and 2009, a number of investment banks acted collectively through the International Swaps and Derivatives Association (“ISDA”) and Markit Group Limited (“Markit”) to foreclose exchanges from the potential market for exchange-traded credit derivatives. The Firm submitted a response to the Statement of Objections in January 2014, and the EC held a hearing in May 2014. The U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) also has an ongoing investigation into the CDS marketplace, which was initiated in July 2009.
Separately, the Firm and other industry members are defendants in a consolidated purported class action filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York on behalf of purchasers and sellers of CDS. The complaint refers to the ongoing investigations by the EC and DOJ into the CDS market, and alleges that the defendant investment banks and dealers, including the Firm, as well as Markit and/or ISDA, collectively prevented new entrants into the market for exchange-traded CDS products. Defendants moved to dismiss this action, and in September 2014, the Court granted defendants’ motion in part, dismissing claims for damages based on transactions effected before the Autumn of 2008, as well as certain other claims.
Foreign Exchange Investigations and Litigation. DOJ is conducting a criminal investigation, and various regulatory and civil enforcement authorities, including U.S. banking regulators, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”), the U.K. Financial Conduct Authority (the “FCA”) and other foreign government authorities, are conducting civil investigations, regarding the Firm’s foreign exchange (“FX”) trading business. These investigations are focused on the Firm’s spot FX trading activities as well as controls applicable to those activities. The Firm continues to cooperate with these investigations and is currently engaged in discussions with DOJ, and various regulatory and civil enforcement authorities, about resolving their respective investigations with respect to the Firm. There is no assurance that such discussions will result in settlements.”

In 2013, JPMorgan paid over $20 billion in settlements, fines, and compensation to settle investigations into mortgage securities trading, its massive “London Whale” derivatives loss, and its relationship with Bernie Madoff. JPMorgan’s lawyers accepted the $1.7 billion penalty, stemming from two felony violations of the Bank Secrecy Act for turning a blind eye to the Ponzi scheme run by Bernard L. Madoff. The bank also agreed to pay $350 million to the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, accepting the agency’s only offer,

[October 31 $6.5 to $35B may be collected from banks in forex investigation]

Major U.S. and European investment banks this month boosted to as much as $6.5 billion their collective war chest/reserves for settling with global regulators who are investigating allegations of collusion and manipulation in the  of the $5 trillion-a-day foreign exchange market.   Earlier this year, banking research firm Autonomous put the worldwide total at around $35 billion.

October 8 U.S. prosecutors expect Banging the close action soon]
U.S. prosecutors are pressing to bring charges against a bank for currency-rate rigging by the end of the year, and actions against individuals will probably follow in 2015, according to people familiar with the probe. are looking into allegations that traders shared data about orders with people at other firms using instant-message groups with names such as  `€œThe Cartel`€ and  `The Bandits  Club.`

One focus is whether dealers sought to move the WM/Reuters benchmark rate in their favor by pushing through trades before and during the 60-second windows when the benchmark is set at 4 p.m. in London each day, a process known in the industry as “banging the close.”
[March 14 European Commission fines over banging the close]
https://screen.yahoo.com/new-york-times/currency-fix-banging-close-065950331.html

[December 4 2013]
A record total of 1.71 billion euros ($2.3 billion) on December 4 was awarded for rigging financial benchmarks. The penalty is the biggest yet to be handed down to banks for rigging the benchmarks used to determine the cost of lending, one of the most brazen violations of conduct since the financial crisis. It is also the highest antitrust penalty ever imposed by the Commission, the EU’s competition regulator. The other banks penalized are Societe Generale, JPMorgan and brokerage RP Martin. Deutsche Bank received the biggest fine of 725.36 million euros. The European Commission said it would continue to investigate Credit Agricole, HSBC, JPMorgan and brokerage ICAP for similar offences.

 

[Earlier] Standard Chartered has put one of its senior forex traders, Matt Gardiner on leave. Richard Usher,J P Morgan chief currency dealer in London, and Citi’s Rohan Ramchandani also went on leave after regulators probing forex manipulation started investigating traders’ use of an instant-message group. [October 29] The U.S. Justice Department is investigating the manipulation of foreign exchange rates, a top federal prosecutor said on October 29, in the first public acknowledgement of such a probe in the United States. Criminal and antitrust authorities have an “active, ongoing investigation” into the possible manipulation, Mythili Raman, the acting head of the department’s criminal division, said. [October 7] Swiss authorities said they were investigating whether financial institutions had colluded to manipulate foreign exchange markets. Traders could potentially influence exchange rates by pushing through large orders exactly at the right time. If those suspicions are proved correct, it could result in yet another embarrassing reputational scandal, not just for individual banks but also for the integrity of the global financial sector. The $4.7-trillion-a-day (CHF4.2 trillion) currency market, the biggest in the financial system, is also one of the least regulated, according to experts. Even the smallest movement in exchange rates could affect the value of investments made by institutional investors, including pension funds. Finma, said it was investigating several Swiss banks but did not name them. The agency also said it was cooperating with authorities in other countries and that banks outside the country were also suspected. UBS is fourth among global banks in currency trading, according to Euromoney. Credit Suisse is a relatively minor player, with 3.7 percent of the currency market vs. 10.1 percent for U.B.S. The largest currency trader globally is Deutsche Bank in Frankfurt, with 15.2 percent of the market. The probes come after reports that dealers at banks pooled information through instant messages and used client orders to move benchmark currency rates. Britain’s Financial Conduct Authority said that month it was reviewing the allegations. The U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission has also been reviewing potential violations of the law with regards to foreign currency markets, according to a person familiar with the matter who asked not to be identified. Authorities around the world are investigating the alleged abuse of financial benchmarks by the firms that play a central role in setting them. [August 28] In the space of 20 minutes on the last Friday in June, the value of the U.S. dollar jumped 0.57 percent against its Canadian counterpart, the biggest move in a month. Within an hour, two-thirds of that gain had melted away. The same pattern — a sudden surge minutes before 4 p.m. in London on the last trading day of the month, followed by a quick reversal — occurred 31 percent of the time across 14 currency pairs over two years. For the most frequently traded pairs, such as euro-dollar, it happened about half the time, the data show. The recurring spikes take place at the same time financial benchmarks known as the WM/Reuters rates are set based on those trades. Fund managers and scholars say the patterns look like an attempt by currency dealers to manipulate the rates, distorting the value of trillions of dollars of investments in funds that track global indexes. The recurring spikes take place at the same time financial benchmarks known as the WM/Reuters (TRI) rates are set based on those trades. Now fund managers and scholars say the patterns look like an attempt by currency dealers to manipulate the rates, distorting the value of trillions of dollars of investments in funds that track global indexes. In June that dealers shared information and used client orders to move the rates to boost trading profit. The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority is reviewing the allegations, a spokesman said. “We see enormous spikes,” said Michael DuCharme, head of foreign exchange at Seattle-based Russell Investments, which traded $420 billion of foreign currency last year for its own funds and institutional investors. “Then, shortly after 4 p.m., it just reverts back to what seems to have been the market rate. It adds to the suspicion that things aren’t right.” Authorities around the world are investigating the abuse of financial benchmarks by large banks that play a central role in setting them. Barclays Plc (BARC), Royal Bank of Scotland Group Plc and UBS AG (UBSN) were fined a combined $2.5 billion for rigging the London interbank offered rate, or Libor, used to price $300 trillion of securities from student loans to mortgages. More than a dozen banks have been subpoenaed by the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission over allegations traders worked with brokers at ICAP Plc (IAP) to manipulate ISDAfix, a benchmark used in interest-rate derivatives. ICAP Chief Executive Officer Michael Spencer said in May that an internal probe found no evidence of wrongdoing. Dralers at banks, which dominate the $4.7 trillion-a-day currency market, may be executing a large number of trades over a short period to move the rate to their advantage, a practice known as banging the close. Because the 4 p.m. benchmark determines how much profit dealers make on the positions they’ve taken in the preceding hour, there’s an incentive to influence the rate, DuCharme said. Dealers say they have to trade during the window to meet client demand and minimize their own risk. [April 2013] The Financial Stability Oversight Council (FSOC) recommended April 25 in its latest annual report to Congress that policymakers “promptly” identify other interest rate benchmarks that could replace the London Interbank Offered Rate, which the council said was “unsustainable in the long run.” The lending gauge, known as Libor, comprises a set of rates used to price financial instruments worldwide and is based on self-reported borrowing costs for unsecured loans between banks. The regulators’ call to move from a regime in which banks self-report their borrowing costs to one anchored in actual, observable transactions would shake up the current underpinnings of the financial system. The recommendation is the first of its kind for FSOC, a collection of regulators ranging from the Federal Reserve to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau that was formed after the financial crisis to spot risks. [March 23] Bank of America Corporation; Bank of America,N.A.; Barclays Bank PLC; British Bankers Association; BBA Enterprises, Ltd.; BBA LIBOR, Ltd; Citigroup, Inc.; Citibank, N.A.; Cooperative Centrale Raiffeissenboerenleenbank,B.A.; Credit Suisse Group AG; Credit Suisse International; Deutsche Bank AG; HSBC Holdings PLC; HSBC Bank USA,N.A.; J.P.Morgan Chase & Co.; J.P. Morgan Chase,N.A.; Lloyds Banking Group,PLC; HBOS PLC; The Norinchukin Bank; Royal Bank of Canada; The Royal Bank of Scotland Group PLC; The Royal Bank of Scotland PLC; The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ Ltd; UBS Ltd; Westlb AG; and Portigon AG. read more

Tunisia Conference 2020 will be held in Tunis on 29 and 30 November. In the preamble, the economic leaders of the country are currently on a European tour to attract financiers.
Dominique Strauss-Kahn was called to the bedside of Tunisia still recovering, more than five years after the revolution. Former IMF chief part, via his firm Parnassus and ARJIL bank consortium to promote the 2016-2020 development plan … former IMF director Dominique Strauss-Kahn as project manager.

Former prime minister Alain Juppe has widened his lead over rival Nicolas Sarkozy to win the center-right’s nomination for France’s 2017 presidential elections, an opinion poll showed on October 25. Juppe is seen winning 41 percent of the votes in the first round on Nov. 20, up four points from last month.
The former head of state and candidate for the primary from the right Nicolas Sarkozy would vote against the FN and for Francois Hollande should the situation arise, he hinted Thursday on RMC and BFM TV.
“I have never voted for the National Front and I do not intend to do so,” he said when asked about his choice in such circumstances. He would vote for Hollande? “No light heart,” said he dropped without uttering the name of the one who beat him in 2012. “I think between us with the FN there is an insurmountable barrier. For them immigration it is a problem of principle, for me it is a number of problem is not quite the same thing, “said the former head of state.
Not without causing a few snickers, the option Dominique Strauss-Kahn was a time evoked too. Polls have shuddered. But the scenario of a return does not seem possible.

September 24 DSK and Karl Rove in Kiev for conference ]
7784939705_dominique-strauss-kahn-face-a-un-journaliste-de-quotidien-a-kiev_zpsr3upigji

video-dominique-strauss-kahn-casse-le-micro-d-un-journaliste-de-quotidien_zpsfnrwthnl

Myriam l’Affouffir and DSK leaving Kiev

Dominique Strauss-Kahn and Karl Rove attended the 13th Yalta European Strategy Annual Meeting of  Victor Pinchuk, the Ukrainian tycoon who married the daughter of Ukrainian strongman Leonid Kuchma ,this week in Kiev,

[March 31 DSK: organised fraud, misuse of corporate assets and breach of trust ]

myriam l'aouffir and friend

Myriam L’Aouffir and friend

French prosecutors have charged organised fraud, misuse of corporate assets and breach of trust against Paris-listed Leyne Strauss-Kahn and Partners (LSK)
Jean-Francois Ott, former chief of real estate firm Orco, launched the initial complaint, saying he was given false information about LSK and lost 500,000 euros ($560,000) that he invested in July 2014.
Strauss-Kahn has blamed the company’s mismanagement on his business partner, Thierry Leyne, who committed suicide in October 2014.
The company was declared bankrupt a few weeks later.
Strauss-Kahn quit the firm just days before Leyne’s death and accused his former associate of “excessive borrowing”.
The investigators will seek to determine whether he had a direct role in managing the company’s funds, which he denies.
Critics say he must have known about LSK’s financial difficulties, noting that the firm stopped making payments in May 2014.
But Strauss-Kahn said in a letter to the Luxembourg judiciary in November 2014, seen by AFP, that board meetings did not reveal any serious difficulties in the finances, and daily operations were left to Leyne.

more LSK

[February 5  Kiev’s Kredit-Dnipro Bank appoints DSK to independent watchdog ]

Dominique Strauss-Kahn has been appointed to the supervisory board of a bank owned by Ukraine’s second-richest businessman Viktor Pinchuk. Kiev’s Kredit-Dnipro Bank said the decision to accept Strauss-Kahn and five others to the advisory body was taken on February 1 and goes into immediate effect. It added that Strauss-Kahn would serve as an independent committee member who does not represent shareholders’ interests. Pinchuk is the son-in-law of former Ukrainian president Leonid Kuchma and is believed to have holdings worth $1.43 billion (1.29 billion euros).

LSK

[December 5 2014 DSK resigned three days before Leyne’s plunge ]

Mémorial is the official gazette of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. The Mémorial C on Tuesday 2 December confirmed that Dominique Strauss Kahn did record his resignation from the Presidency of the Board of Directors of the financial holding company Leyne Strauss-Kahn on October 20, is three days before the suicide of teammate Thierry Leyne. The disappearance of the founder of LSK precipitated the collapse of the group implemented between Luxembourg, Switzerland, Tel Aviv and the Channel Islands. The holding company was declared bankrupt on November 7, 2014 by the tribunal of Luxembourg sitting in commercial matters.

“The Board of Directors (…)”. During his October 20 took note of the resignation of Dominique Strauss-Kahn of the Board with immediate effect. Council entrusts the Presidency of the company to Mr. Thierry Leyne who accepts it,”said an extract from the minutes.

November 6 DSK on the demise of LSK: ‘I think first of the investors and employees.’]
His comments:
It is clear that AK Asset Management had cash-flow problems and had spread payments. This is the reason why the Bâloise reacted.
What happens to the 20% that you held in LSK?
I had more than 15% since an increase in capital which had diluted my participation. I am in the same situation as all other shareholders.
How much have you lost in this case?
I think first to the investors and employees. Regarding me, I probably lost my investment and have never received any remuneration. For me, it is a lot of money.
Under what circumstances did you met Thierry Leyne?
I knew him for a short time, he was introduced to me by a very long time friend who became his companion.
What is the reason for his suicide according to you?
Honestly it’s hard to say. There are obviously some personal reasons which probably I do not know. Nevertheless, everyone knows that he was deeply troubled by the disappearance of his wife. I think also that he had contracted a series of excessive borrowings. -Parisien – Aujourd’hui en France

“After the tragic death of Thierry Leyne, Chairman, the members of the Board of Directors of the company LSK discovered additional commitments within the group of which they had no knowledge and which deepen the delicate financial situation”, said the company in a short release. Le Nouvel Observateur
“Consequently [the board] has decided to declare insolvency.” -WSJ

[October 31 LSK: thousands of shares changing hands on single days in target company]

 Leyne Strauss-Kahn & Partners (LSK) Dominique Strauss-Kahn and his partner Thierry Leyne recently visited Nicosia.

Leyne Strauss-Kahn & Partners (LSK) Dominique Strauss-Kahn and his partner Thierry Leyne recently visited Nicosia.

LSK Partners were is trouble with Commission de Surveillance du Secteur Financier in Luxembourg and Finma in Switzerland before Leyne’s suicide.
Insch Capital Management made a formal complaint to Swiss regulators Finma claiming that LSK & Partners made “totally unauthorised purchases” of shares in Firstcaution, an insurer of which LSK & Partners owned a majority stake, using $400,000 from the firm’s funds deposited in VP Bank- a private bank headquartered in the Principality of Liechtenstein.
LSK bought back the bulk of the shares in March this year, according to Insch’s letter to the Luxembourg regulator, and also transferred just under €40,000 from LSK to the Insch fund’s account.
Only 10 shares of Firstcaution typically traded on a daily basis in 2011 and there were no trades in 2012 or in the first two months of 2013. Volume then spiked last year, with tens or hundreds of thousands of shares changing hands on single days. The stock was at 7.99 euros on Oct. 27, valuing the company at 18.3 million euros.
Part of this trading included a transaction worth more than $400,000 from Insch’s account at VP Bank, a Luxembourg-based private bank, according to Insch’s letter.

LSK itself was just-over-30%-owned by Mr. Leyne, while Mr. Strauss-Kahn owns just over 20%.
October 29 DSK asset-management fling fell 59% in 2014, he resigned, partner jumped]

LSK&Partners, Monaco Bourse

LSK&Partners, Monaco Bourse

Mr. Leyne, 48, jumped off the 23rd floor of one of the Yoo towers

Mr. Leyne, 48, jumped off the 23rd floor of one of the Yoo towers

Strauss-Kahn, 65, gave up the chairmanship at Leyne, Strauss-Kahn & Partners (MLLSK) on Oct. 20 “to dedicate himself to other activities,” the firm said in an e-mailed statement dated October 27.

Strauss-Kahn bought a 20 percent stake in Leyne’s investment-banking and asset-management company in 2013 as part of an effort to rebuild his post-IMF life after a scandal dashed his chance to run for the French presidency. LSK & Partners, as the Paris-listed bank is known, said in March it planned to use Strauss-Kahn’s economic and political knowledge to help start a $2 billion hedge fund.

LSK & Partners shares were halted in Paris on Oct. 23, after falling 59 percent in 2014. Assya Asset Management Luxembourg SA, a unit of LSK & Partners, filed a suspension of payments request on Oct. 24 to a local court, Luxembourg’s financial supervisor said October 27.

[October 24 Thierry Leyne, partner of Dominique Strauss-Kahn in a Hedge Fund, jumps out 23rd Story window]
Thierry Leyne, a French-Israeli banker and partner of Dominique Strauss-Kahn, the disgraced former chief of the International Monetary Fund, was found dead on Thursday after apparently taking his own life in Tel Aviv.

Mr. Leyne, 48, jumped off the 23rd floor of one of the Yoo towers, a prestigious residential complex, according to Israeli officials. Strauss-Kahn was slated to become LSK’s [Leyne, Strauss-Kahn & Partners, Compagnie Financière] chairman on Oct. 18 after a shareholders’ meeting, while Leyne would be chief executive officer and would also be the chairman of the group’s units,

[March 21 Dominique Strauss-Kahn trying on a Hedge Fund]

a little lunch

;
Mr. Strauss-Kahn, a former International Monetary Fund chief and French presidential hopeful, is currently in China making the rounds of global investors and seeking to drum up interest in a hedge fund, Mohamad Zeidan, chief operating officer of Mr. Strauss-Kahn’s Luxembourg-based investment firm, LSK & Partners, said by telephone from Shanghai.

[October 20 2013]

On October 16, Dominique Strauss-Kahn, accompanied by two people, one who was Minister of Economy and Finance of the government of Lionel Jospin had lunch on the terrace of Olive cafe on the Boulevard Victor Hugo. Nîmes. Decorated with a mix of stonework, exposed beams and contemporary features, Café Olive is one of the ‘in’ places in the heart of Nîmes.

[October 1]
Dominique Strauss-Kahn has accepted to be named Chairman of the Board of Anatevka S.A,, now “Leyne, Strauss-Kahn & Partners, Compagnie Financière” (LSK), to develop an international investment bank activity.

In order to develop such activities, former French Minister of Economy and Finance now wishes to rely on the teams and international presence of Anatevka, a Group founded in 1994 by banker Thierry Leyne (co-founder of Consors, Synthesis Bank, EBPF-Financière de l’Echiquier, Assya, Firstcaution …). ,Assya, a subsidiary of Anatevka S.A, a holding company in Luxembourg. This parent company, which heads the group, focuses on three complementary business lines: asset management, investment capital and insurance.

Strauss-Kahn is slated to become LSK’s chairman on Oct. 18 after a shareholders’ meeting, while Leyne will be chief executive officer and will also be the chairman of the group’s units, according to the firm’s statement.

 Thierry Leyne (co-founder of Consors, Synthesis Bank, EBPF-Financière de l’Echiquier, Assya, Firstcaution …)

Thierry Leyne (co-founder of Consors, Synthesis Bank, EBPF-Financière de l’Echiquier, Assya, Firstcaution …)

[May 21, 2011]

France Soir

71 Broadway

71 Broadway

71 Broadway

71 Broadway

DSK is expected to be released on bail May 20. Assistant DA Artie McConnell tried to get the move to house arrest delayed until the mayor’s office and NYPD could approve the decision because of the disruption Strauss-Kahn’s presence will cause to the neighborhood.
“This location is in downtown Manhattan it’s one or at most two lanes of traffic there. It’s near Ground Zero, and near transit hubs and construction sites,” said McConnell. “It’s an extremely problematic area for the police to control.”

Alleged Victim. Figaro
Ira Judelson said to be the bondsman more
Judge Obus grants bail: Strauss-Kahn has been granted bail on several conditions. He must post a $1 million cash bail, surrender his travel documents and agree to home detention. He must also post a $5 million cash bond.

Justice Micheal Obus

Justice Micheal Obus

Justice Michael J. Obus The Hon. Michael J. Obus currently serves as the Administrative Judge for Criminal Matters in New York County. Upon graduating from the Columbia University School of Law in 1973, Judge Obus joined the Legal Aid Society of Nassau County, NY, where he was Chief of the Criminal Appeals Bureau from 1979 to 1986. He received his undergraduate degree from Rutgers University in 1970.

3 pm est Dominique Strauss-Kahn has been formally indicted,on 7 counts, says NYC DA John McConnell at a bail hearing

Dominique Strauss-Kahn prisoner movement slip

Dominique Strauss-Kahn prisoner movement slip

Dominique Strauss-Kahn Resignation Letter

Dominique Strauss-Kahn Resignation Letter

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, COUNTY OF NEW YORK, CRIMINAL TERM, PART 1

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, -againstDOMINIQUE STRAUSS-KAHN, Defendant.

) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )

Docket No.: 2011NY035T73

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AFFIRMATION OF SHAWN P. NAUNTON IN SUPPORT OF MOTION FOR ORDER FIXING BAIL FOR THE RELEASE OF DOMINIOUE STRAUSS-KAHN SHA WN P. NAUNTON, affinns the following to be true under penalty of perjury: 1. I am an attorney for Dominique Strauss-Kahn herein and am familiar with the

facts and circumstances surrounding this action. 2. This affidavit is being made, pursuant to N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law ? 530.30, for an

Order of bail pending disposition of the felony charges herein, now pending in the Criminal Court of the City of New York, County of New York. 3. On May 16, 2011, Mr. Strauss-Kahn was arraigned on a felony complaint,

charging Mr. Strauss-Kahn with two counts of criminal sexual acts in the first degree, under PL130.50(1), a class B felony; one count of attempted rape in the first degree, under PL1301130.35(1), a class C felony; one count of sexual abuse in the first degree, under PL130.65(1), a class D felony; one count of unlawful imprisonment in the second degree, under PL135.05, a class A misdemeanor; one count of sexual abuse in the third degree, under PL130.55, a class B misdemeanor; and one count of forcible touching, under PL130.52, a class A misdemeanor.

4.

Since May 14,2011, Mr. Strauss-Kahn has been confined at various locations in

the custody of the New York City Police Department. Currently, upon information and belief, since his arraignment on May 16, 2011, he is in the custody of the New York City Department of Corrections confined at the West Facility ofthe Rikers Island jail. 5. On May 16,2011, the Criminal Court of the City of New York, County of New

York (the “Criminal Court”), made and entered an order denying Mr. Strauss-Kahn’s application for bail and directing that Mr. Strauss-Kahn be remanded in custody. 6. This application sets forth additional bail conditions that were not before the

Criminal Court, including agreement that Mr. Strauss-Kahn will be confined to home detention at an address in Manhattan 24 hours per day, with electronic monitoring. We respectfully submit that these additional bail conditions eliminate any concern that Mr. Strauss-Kahn would or could leave this Court’s jurisdiction. No previous application has been made to this Court for the relief requested herein. 7. “The policy of our law favors bail because of the presumption that the prisoner is

innocent.” People ex rei. Lobell v. McDonnell, 71 N.E.2d 423, 296 N.Y. 109, 111 (1947); see
People v. Keeper o/City Prison, 49 N.E.2d 498,501,290 N.Y. 393,298 (1943) (“Denial of bail

is no light matter, and needs to be buttressed by a real showing ofreasons therefore.”); People v.
Mohammed, 653 N.Y.S.2d 492, 496 (Sup. Ct. Kings Co. 1996) (“[P]ublic policy favors release

pending a determination of guilt or innocence.”); People v. Bach, 306 N.Y.S.2d 365, 368 (Co. Ct. Dutchess Co. 1970) (“The right to bail is one of our most cherished rights, and the policy of our law from time memorial has always favored it.”); cf People ex reI. Klein v. Krueger, 255 N.E.2d 552, 554-55, 25 N.Y.2d 497, 499-501 (1969) (recognizing that denial of bail presents issues of constitutional dimension).
8.

Consideration of the factors set forth in N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law ? 510.30(2)

strongly supports an Order of release on bail pending disposition of the felony complaint herein.
See People ex reI. Ryan v. Infante, 108 A.D.2d 987, 988, 485 N.Y.S.2d 852, 853 (3rd Dept.

1985) (bail determination “must be upon a rational basis delineated by the criteria listed under CPL 510.30.”); People v. Mohammed, 653 N.Y.S.2d 492,497 (Sup. Ct. Kings Co. 1996) (“The general principle is that the only matter of legitimate concern is whether any bail or the amount fixed is necessary to ensure a principal’s future appearances in court.”) (citing Matter ofSardino v. State Comm In on Judicial Conduct, 448 N.E.2d 83, 58 N.Y.2d 286, 289 (1983)); id (“New York has consistently rejected preventative detention as a bail policy consideration.”); People ex
rei. Bauer v. McGreevy, 555 N.Y.S.2d 581, 583 (Sup. Ct. Rensselaer Co. 1990) (“A court cannot

deny bail solely for the reason that it wishes to protect the community from any possible future criminal conduct of the defendant.”); People ex rei. Bryce v. Infante, 144 A.D.2d 898, 899, 535 N.Y.S.2d 215,216 (3rd Dept. 1988) (holding that “probability of conviction and the severity of sentence” did not justify denial of bail when weighed against “petitioner’s reputation, employment and financial resources, lack of prior criminal record and previous record of responding to court appearances”); People ex rei. Benton v. Warden, 118 A.D.2d 443, 445, 499 N.Y.S.2d 738 (1st Dept. 1986) (holding improper for trial court to increase bail “exclusively on its conviction that petitioner would be found guilty of serious crimes entailing a lengthy term of imprisonment”).

Mr. Strauss-Kahn’s History and Background
9. Mr. Strauss-Kahn’s history and background weigh strongly in favor of an Order Mr. Strauss-Kahn is a loving

of release on bail. N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law ? 51O.30(2)(a)(i).

husband and father, and a highly regarded international diplomat, lawyer, politician, economist,

and professor, with no prior criminal record.

He has been married for over ten years to Ms.

Anne Sinclair, and has four children from a prior marriage, including a daughter who resides in New York City. 10. Since November 2007, Mr. Strauss-Kahn has been the Managing Director of the

International Monetary Fund (the “IMF”). The IMF, which is headquartered in Washington, D.C., is a specialized agency of the United Nations that works to foster international monetary cooperation. The IMF has 187 member countries. 11. Prior to taking his position at the IMF, Mr. Strauss-Kahn was a member of the

French National Assembly and a Professor of Economics at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris. From 2001 to 2007, he was reelected three times to the National Assembly. Mr. StraussKahn has taught economics at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris and has been named a visiting professor at Stanford University. 12. From 1991 to 1999, Mr. Strauss-Kahn held various high-level Minister positions

in the French government, including Minister of Economy, Finance and Industry, and Minister of Industry and International Trade. Mr. Strauss-Kahn was entrusted with substantial responsibility and authority in these positions, and achieved important political milestones, including managing the launch of the Euro and participating in the Uruguay Round of trade negotiations. 13. Between 1993 and 1997, Mr. Strauss-Kahn practiced law in the private sector as a

corporate lawyer. Mr. Strauss-Kahn began his career as assistant professor, then professor of economics at the University of Paris where he was tenured in 1978. He was then appointed Deputy Commissioner of the Economic Planning Agency (1981-1986). Mr. Strauss-Kahn was elected Deputy (Member of Parliament) to the National Assembly in 1986, where he chaired the Finance Commission from 1988 to 1991.

14.

Mr. Strauss-Kahn holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Paris. He As an

also holds degrees in law, business administration, political studies, and statistics.

academic, Mr. Strauss-Kahn’s research fields include household saving behavior, public finance, and social policy. Mr. Strauss-Kahn Has Strong Family Ties To New York 15. Section 51 0.30(a)(iii), which evaluates the defendant’s “family ties and length of

his residence if any in the community,” also strongly supports Mr. Strauss-Kahn’s release on bail pending trial. Mr. Strauss-Kahn has extensive family and financial ties to the United States, both in Washington, D.C. and in New York City. As noted above, Mr. Strauss-Kahn has been

married for over ten years to Ms. Anne Sinclair, and has four children from a prior marriage. Ms. Sinclair was born in New York. Ms. Sinclair completed part of her secondary schooling in the United States, before completing her education in France, majoring in politics and law. Ms. Sinclair is employed as a freelance journalist and television interviewer and has reported both on American and international political news, and is currently working on a book about American political life. 16. Mr. Strauss-Kahn and Ms. Sinclair have lived in Washington, D.C. since In

November 2007, when Mr. Strauss-Kahn was named Managing Director of the IMF.

November 2007, the couple purchased a home in Washington, D.C., where they currently reside. A copy of the deed, which is in Ms. Sinclair’s name, is attached hereto as Exhibit A. photograph of the property is attached hereto as Exhibit B. 17. Mr. Strauss-Kahn is very close to all four of his children and is known as a loving A

and involved father. His daughter, Camille Strauss-Kahn, is a graduate student at Columbia University and lives pennanently on the Upper West Side of Manhattan. Mr. Strauss-Kahn is in requent touch with Camille and visits her often in New York City, when traveling away from Washington, D.C. Mr. Strauss-Kahn Has No Prior Criminal Record 18. Mr. Strauss-Kahn has no prior criminal record in the United States, France, or any

other jurisdiction, a factor that should weigh substantially in granting his application for bail. N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law ? 510.30(2)(a)(iv). Mr. Strauss-Kahn’s Employment and ,Financial Resources 19. As noted, Mr. Strauss-Kahn has held the position of Managing Director of the

IMF since November 2007 and has adequate financial resources to post bail. N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law ? 510.30(2)(a)(ii). Mr. Strauss-Kahn Does Not Present A Risk of Flight 20. Mr. Strauss-Kahn has no “previous record … with respect to flight to avoid

criminal prosecution,” N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law ? 510.30(2)(a)(vi), and poses no such risk. 21. The felony complaint alleges that Mr. Strauss-Kahn committed the offenses

alleged therein in a hotel room at about 12:00 p.m. on May 14,2011. Mr. Strauss-Kahn checked out of the hotel at approximately 12:28 p.m. and proceeded to a previously scheduled lunch a few blocks away at approximately 12:45 p.m. 22. After lunch, Mr. Strauss-Kahn was driven to John F. Kennedy International

Airport to catch an Air France flight to Paris, which was scheduled to depart at 4:40 p.m. A seat for Mr. Strauss-Kahn had been reserved on that particular flight approximately one week in advance, in anticipation of a meeting Mr. Strauss-Kahn, on behalf of the IMF, had scheduled with German Chancellor Angela Merkel in Berlin on Sunday, May 15,2011, and a meeting he had scheduled with various European finance ministers in Brussels on Monday, May 16, 2011.
23.

Prior to the flight’s departure, Mr. Strauss-Kahn contacted the hotel at which he

had been staying in New York to inquire about a cell phone he had left at the hotel. In a conversation with hotel security, Mr. Strauss-Kahn voluntarily disclosed that he was at John F. Kennedy International Airport and was scheduled to depart for France at 4:40 p.m. 24. Mr. Strauss-Kahn also has voluntarily submitted to forensic and scientific testing

for DNA evidence at the request of the District Attorney’s Office. 25. We respectfully submit that the following bail conditions, set forth in the

accompanying proposed Order, eliminate any concern that Mr. Strauss-Kahn would or could leave this Court’s jurisdiction: Mr. Strauss-Kahn will post $1 million in cash bail; Mr. StraussKahn has agreed to be confined to home detention at an address in Manhattan 24 hours per day, with electronic monitoring; Mr. Strauss-Kahn has already surrendered his official French passport to the District Attorney’s Office; in addition, his laissez-passer travel document issued by the United Nations will be turned over to co-counsel William Taylor, who will surrender it to the District Attorney’s Office. 26. Mr. Strauss-Kahn is willing to represent to the Court that he will voluntarily

appear in the Criminal Court of the City of New York, County of New York and in this Court for all proceedings relating to the matters with which he is charged. An affidavit signed by Mr. Strauss-Kahn waiving all rights to extradition proceedings of every kind and character is attached hereto as Exhibit DC.

WHEREFORE. the undersigned respectfully prays for an order, pursuant to N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law ? 530.30, fixing bail for the release of Mr. Strauss-Kahn pending disposition of the felony complaint herein, and for such other relief as the Court deems just and proper.

Dated: May 18, 2011

~(~ !1~
Shawn P. Naunton Zuckerman Spaeder LLP 1540 Broadway, Suite 1604 New York, NY 10036-4039 Tel.: (212) 704-9600 Fax: (212) 704-4256 snaunton@zuckennan.com

Attorney for Dominique Strauss-Kahn

AFFIDA VIT OF DOMINIQUE STRAUSS-KAHN ) ) SS. COUNTY OF NEW YORK ) Dominique Strauss-Kahn, having been duly sworn, hereby deposes and says: 1. I am a citizen of the Republic of France. I am over the age of eighteen years and I STATE OF NEW YORK

am competent to make this Affidavit. 2. I acknowledge that I am charged in the Criminal Term of the Supreme Court of

the State of New York, County of New York (the “New York Court”), with felony offenses and that a warrant has been issued from the State for my arrest. 3. I have surrendered my official French passport to officers of the New York Court.

I do not intend to leave the United States of America without the permission of the New York Court until trial of the matters with which I am charged. 4. I acknowledge to the New York Court that I am willing to voluntarily appear, and

I intend to voluntarily appear, in the New York Court for all proceedings relating to the matters with which I am charged. 5. In the event I fail to voluntarily appear in the New York Court for any such

proceedings, I waive the issuance and service of the warrant provided by law for my extradition from the Republic of France or any other jurisdiction. I understand that I have the right to demand that extradition proceedings be initiated and carried out in this matter and I voluntarily waive all extradition proceeding of every kind and character. 6. I understand that this is not in any way a plea of guilty and that I do not waive any of my rights in the trial of the matter with which I am charged in the New York Court.

7f5OMrNK/UE STRAUSS-KA Sworn to and Subscribed before me This _ day May, 2011.

/.1…..?/~ 8tr- – ~